Stainless steel is becoming more commonly seen in construction every year. The alloy has many properties that make it a good choice when creating a frame or constructing an entire building. It is also used to creating prefabricated buildings that can be erected quickly in nearly any location. Stainless steel is used in construction because the alloy provides a variety of different benefits.
Resistant To Corrosion
Many types of building materials today from wood to drywall and some metals will corrode over time. Some start to corrode just from the construction and building process. Stainless steel is resistant to most forms of corrosion. The surface of the alloy contains a thin natural coating that helps to prevent oxidation from penetrating the material. Even corrosion that forms on the surface often does not penetrate and affect the structure of the steel. Buildings and frames made from stainless steel will last for a very long time.
High Strength and Ductility
Stainless steel is one of the strongest materials that can be used in construction today. It can be used for everything from rafters to sidewalls. The alloy has exceptional properties and can withstand large loads. This has allowed steel buildings to be constructed without needing multiple interior columns or supports that take up extra space. Stainless steel also has high ductility. This means the alloy will actually stretch when exposed to tensile stress. This is a good property since most materials with low ductility will simply snap or break apart under stress causing a building to fail.
Little Response to Temperature Changes
Porous building materials like wood and concrete respond poorly when temperatures change during the day or from season to season. Part of this is because they absorb a certain amount of moisture from the air. The expansion and contraction of these materials can slowly cause damage to a building. Stainless steel does not respond in the same way to temperature changes. Stainless steel changes very little even when temperatures shift dramatically. This allows a steel building to remain stable for decades.
Sustainable and Environmentally Friendly
It takes some effort to find versatile building materials today that are sustainable and environmentally friendly while still being cost-effective. Stainless steel is one of these materials. Close to 100 percent of steel alloy can be recycled. Any waste from manufacturing can be converted back into steel. Demolition of steel buildings does not send more waste to local landfills. Steel is also an alloy that uses recycled and commonly available elements. It does not have the same environmental impact as harvesting wood or producing composites from petroleum products and chemicals.
Lightweight and Versatile
Stainless steel is a versatile material. It can be used to create nearly every part of a building from the exterior walls to the rafters and trim. It can be formed into almost any shape. The surface can be treated or painted to give the building an attractive and distinctive appearance. Steel is also a lightweight material. This makes it easy to transport steel to a construction site and to work with steel while erecting a building.